Behavior planning is a team process. There are generally three types of behavior planning:
- school-wide /universal
It is very important to make sure that universal and targeted supports are in place before planning for individual behavior supports.
Tier I – Universal Supports
Universal supports are for all students and are provided to access the curriculum on a school-wide and systematic basis. Although universal supports vary from school to school, the goal for universal supports is to foster safety, respect and responsibility.
Tier II – Targeted Interventions
Targeted interventions are supports that some students are provided, usually on a short-term basis to assist them in accessing the curriculum and meaningfully interact with the Universal Supports. Targeted interventions for behavior may include classroom management; additional academic support, such as a study group; and individual or group counseling that targets a specific adjustment or skill set, such as grief counseling, divorce groups, or conflict resolution skills. Students in need of targeted interventions may or may not need an individualized positive behavior support plan.
Tier III – Intensive Interventions
Intensive interventions are supports that only a few students require, i.e. the students would be unable to access the curriculum without these interventions. Intensive interventions are highly individualized. Characterized by embedding behavior accommodations and modifications throughout the school day, the foundation of intensive interventions is to teach replacement behaviors.